St. Peter Lutheran Church at Walburg, Texas 2018 - All Rights Reserved
God presented the Commandments to Moses and the Israelites on Mount Sinai. [See Exodus 20:1-17.] In this covenant between God and his people, the Israelites were commanded to obey the laws. In response, God promised lead them and be their LORD.
The people were not able to keep these commandments. Exodus chapter 32 tells how the Israelites turned away from God, causing Moses to shatter the original set of the commandment tablets in anger. Moses then pleaded for God to forgive the people. With the law comes sin and the need for forgiveness.
The Ten Commandments
Exodus 20:1-17: Then God spoke all these words, saying, “I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
I. You shall have no other gods before Me. You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing loving kindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.
II. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.
III. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of the LORD your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
IV. Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land which the LORD your God gives you.
VI You shall not murder.
VI. You shall not commit adultery.
VII. You shall not steal.
VIII. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
IX. You shall not covet your neighbor’s house.
X. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife or his male servant or his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.
Although known for centuries as the 10 Commandments, the Old Testament never assigned numbers to any Commandment. The exact numbering is different, depending upon the Biblical Source and scholarly translation, but the meaning is the same. The following numbers are used within the Lutheran Catechism.